02. 02. 2016 @ Antonija Eremut

Budimiri, Pisak- Steljci-Pištet

Category: cultural heritage GPS: LAT: 43.5643450264 / LONG 16.8160380051

This place brings us back to the original route of the Roman road, used until further south the other route was built, and thanks to that it kept almost its original appearance. During the Middle Ages cemeteries with tombstones were developed along it. Here, in the stretch of a few hundred meters, nearly 150 stećaks are preserved- medieval tombstones that occur mainly in the hinterland of the Adriatic coast throughout the entire Middle Ages. When it comes to their shape, we distinguish between slabs, coffins, gabled ones and crosses. They arose from the 13th to the late 15th century, i.e. to the first decades of the 16th century. Termination of their production is linked to the expansion of the Ottoman Empire and the displacement of the population who used them as tombstones. Smaller groups of stećaks represent family or ancestral cemeteries, some of which probably occurred on the estates of the local nobility. Larger groups consist of several dozen, or even up to a hundred pieces, and belong to a wider community which could comprise a number of villages and hamlets. They were placed along the roads around churches, near wells and ponds, in the prehistoric tumuli and high ruins.

 Especially typical are their reliefs with different scenes - from crosses, the new moon and the stars, lilies, to scenes of hunting, battles, tournaments, round dance, etc. Important is the appearance of inscriptions on some tombstones from which we learn about the deceased, their family, the maker / sculptor of stećci (the so-called blacksmith) and about the compiler of the inscription itself (dijak). Due to the exceptional richness of the reliefs and the way they were chosen by the "blacksmiths" (sculptors of stećaks) and the occurrence of certain types, today we can distinguish several workshops of these monuments - especially along the route of our road from Cetina to Imotski, along which several hundred stećaks have been preserved.

Another interesting thing in this gravel part of the road from Budimir to Cista are numerous wells and water tanks (Smrdelj, Pištet, Rivina, Zadužbina, Crljivica), which constitute one of the features of a Roman road and of all subsequent communications – they followed the wells, ponds and various sources of water, particularly in those areas where it was harder to get to water.